United Nations Development Programme

Millennium Development Goals for Romania

Along with all other UN agencies, UNDP played a crucial role in assisting Romanian ministries in drafting the first Millennium Development Goals Report (MDGR), tailored to the realities of Romania. The first Romanian MDG Report established a set of eight development objectives and 21 related targets to monitor progress.

Millennium Development Goals for Romania [1]

  • Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    • Target 1: Halve the severe poverty rate by 2009, as compared to 2002
      Indicator 1: Severe poverty rate
      Achieved in 2005
      Last updated: 05.11.2007
    • Target 2: Halve the consumption deficit of the severely poor population
      by 2009, as compared to 2002, and reduce social polarization
      Indicator 2: Consumption deficit of the severely poor population
    • Target 3: Increase the level of employment of people between 15
      and 24 years of age
      Indicator 3: Unemployment rate of 15-to-24-year olds
    • Target 4: Support agricultural producers and processors
      Indicator 4: Domestic and export agricultural subsidies
    • Target 5: Significantly reduce the prevalence of low height for age in
      children between 2001 and 2015, especially in rural areas
      Indicator 5: Prevalence of low height for age
  • Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
    • Target 6: Ensure that at least 95% of children in rural areas
      complete a full course of primary and secondary education
      as of 2012
      Indicator 6: Net / gross enrolment ratio in compulsory education
      Indicator 7: Dropout ratio
    • Target 7: Increase the literacy rate of the Rroma population
      Indicator 8: Literacy rate of the Rroma population
  • Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
    • Target 8: Increase women’s level of employment
      Indicator 9: Women’s employment rate
      Women’s employment level has decreased.
      (The level of employment of both men and women has decreased, the decrease in the employment level of men being larger than the decrease in the employment level of women.)
      Last updated: 05.11.2007
  • Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
    • Target 9: Halve the mortality rate in children aged 1-4 years
      between 2002 and 2015
      Indicator 10: Mortality rate in children aged 1-4 years
    • Target 10: Reduce infant mortality by 40% between 2002 and 2015
      Indicator 11: Infant mortality rate
    • Target 11: Eliminate measles by 2007
      Indicator 12: Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against
      Anti-measles immunization coverage decreased
      Last updated: 05.11.2007
  • Goal 5: Improve maternal health
    • Target 12: Halve the maternal mortality rate, between 2001 and 2009
      Indicator 13: Maternal mortality rate
      Indicator 14: Proportion of births attended by skilled health
  • Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
    • Target 13: Maintain, by 2007, the incidence of HIV/ AIDS at the
      level of 2002
      Indicator 15: Incidence of HIV/AIDS Indicator 16: Contraceptive prevalence rate
    • Target 14: Have halted by 2005 and begun to reverse the incidence of
      Indicator 17: Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
      Indicator 18: Proportion of TB cases detected and cured under DOTS
      (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course)
      Last updated: 05.11.2007
    • Target 15: Provide access to affordable essential drugs
  • Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
    • Target 16: Ensure a growth of the afforestation rate, from 27% to 35%
      by 2040
      Indicator 19: Proportion of land area covered by forest
      Area covered by forests decreased
      Last updated: 05.11.2007
    • Target 17: Increase the proportion of protected land area from 2.56%
      in 1990 to 10% by 2015
      Indicator 20: Land area protected to maintain biological diversity
    • Target 18: Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
      Indicator 21: Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
    • Target 19: Double by 2015 the proportion of people with sustainable access
      to drinking water
      Indicator 22: Proportion of population with sustainable access to water
  • Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
    • Target 20: Double the number of subscribers to fixed telephony
      networks between 2001 and 2015
      Indicator 23: Telephone lines per 1,000 people
    • Target 21: Increase by at least 20% yearly the number of personal
      Indicator 24: Personal computers per 1,000 people

[1] This is a summary of all the goals, targets and indicators found in Romania’s MDG Report.

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