Developing Romania’s International Cooperation and Aid Effectiveness
In line with the national objective of Romania to become a major player in international development cooperation, UNDP supports Romania’s institutional and legal frameworks to enable it to play the role of a responsible and lead actor in regional development cooperation. UNDP also assists Romania in the delivery of the official development assistance (ODA).
Official Development Assistance (ODA) is the term used to describe the funds provided by the member states of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to developing countries – either directly (bilaterally) or through international organizations (multilaterally) – for the implementation of development programmes and projects.
Romania is currently in the process of transition from a recipient of international aid to a donor of official development assistance. Romania is on track to meet its ODA obligations pursuant to the EU Sustainable Development Strategy 2009, in spite of the constraints generated by the global economic recession. Nevertheless, there is still a long way ahead for Romania to meet the ambitious goals to provide 0.33 percent of Gross National Income (GNI) as official development assistance, and attain the Millennium Development Goals.
Romania’s target by 2010 was to contribute 0.17 percent of the GNI, mostly through EU instruments. According to the OECD statistics, Romania's ODA totaled 99 million Euros (approx. 130 million US dollars) in 2009, 94 mil Euros (124 million USD) in 2008 and 80 million Euros (105 million USD) in 2007.
UNDP has supported the establishment of the bilateral ODA mechanism through the development of the legal framework for ODA, technical assistance and stakeholders’ participation in ODA-related policy development. Romania has already elaborated its national policy and is currently setting up institutions and rules for provision of official development assistance.
UNDP supports Romania’s active and effective participation in the common EU development cooperation policy. It supports national partners in identifying and codifying Romania’s development experience that deems relevant for the needs of other developing countries, with focus on gender equality.
According to the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) signed on 11 January 2011, it is expected that, by the end of 2015, the line ministries will have enhanced capacity to implement innovative programmes for deepening democratic practices with special emphasis on initiatives adapted to the needs of development assistance priority countries. Romania is expected to gradually increase its bilateral ODA share in Eastern Europe (Republic of Moldova), Western Balkans (Republic of Serbia) and Caucasus region (Georgia). Additionally, Iraq and Afghanistan will be added to the list.
Relevant projects under the Country Programme Document 2010-2012
Page last updated on 09/07/2012
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