United Nations Development Programme
Project data

Project ID: 49347

Status: completed (fc)

Duration: Jan 2006 - Dec 2006

Management Arrangements: NIM


Total: 110 000 USD


Energy and Environment

Geographic Focus

Maramures Mountains Natural Park

Sustainable energy solution for schools in poor rural areas from Maramures Mountains Natural Park

Project Goal

To promote access of rural communities to sustainable energy sources and improve environmental condition in Maramures Mountains Natural Park.


The project targeted four schools from remote Park villages: Valea Viseului, Crasna, Repedea, Poienile de sub Munte. The impact was an increased local community’s awareness about the park and its biodiversity conservation importance, decreased pressure onforest habitats within the park,decreased soil and water pollution by clearing the saw dust and stimulating small local sustainable development investment initiatives. The project built upon the already established structure of the UNDP/GEF MSP project for Maramures Park and on the expertise of the UNDP/GEF Energy Efficiency project under implementation on that time. By installing new modern heating systems for these schools, important resources savings (natural and financial) were secured. The schools environment was also enhanced, to the social and environmental benefit.


Objective 1: Strengthening local administrations’ capacity to provide sustainable energy services: 1.1. Creation of Local Project Task Force (LPTF): The task force entails local administration representative (mayors and local councilors), park administration representatives, local NGO’s representatives, school directors and parent representatives, informal community leaders, private sector and bank representatives. The task force had a coordination role and met when necessary to discuss the project activities, future steps, fund raising strategies, etc. 1.2. Training session. To better support the activities of the project, two training session were developed for the LPTF on local planning for sustainable development (with emphasis on sustainable energy services and linkages with poverty alleviation strategies, environmental protection measures, etc). Children’s and teachers organization were involved at all times. Objective 2: Implementing energy efficiency solutions in 4 schools from the project area 2.1. Carrying out feasibility and technical studies for the pilot schools. This activity was implemented with technical and financial contribution from the then GEF Energy Efficiency project. These studies were needed to identify the best available solution for each school. 2.2. Implementing the technical solution – construction works developed simultaneously in each of the 4 pilot schools. This activity was  financed from the TTF fund and was designed to bring significant savings to the schoolsadministartion in that only half of the actual quantities of wood (40 mc of wood per year/per classroom) was needed for heating the schools (the inception researched showed that each classroom will need only 20 mc of wood per year after the project implementation) and after implementation of objective 3, an additional 20% of wood will be saved by using the saw dust  (dumped on the river sides) Objective 3: Stimulating the market for saw dust collection and use, and environmental clean up. 3.1. Setting up a small mobile saw dust processing plant run by local community.  The plant will be self-sustained by selling the saw dust to schools and other interested parties. 3.2. Providing training to other 4 communities within the park area as a replication component using among other tools, the involvement of children and teachers.

(Achievements &) Expected Results

Impact at institutional and community level: enhanced management capacity for 4 local authorities from the respective villages. This will translate into the ability to further mobilize funds for other development projects Impact on people: Around 1300 children from this area had greater chances of finishing their compulsory education in comfortable conditions. Impact on the environment: by saving of 250 cubic meters of wood per year, the project secured 25 hectares of undisturbed forest per year, with implication for biodiversity protection, 5 hectares of saw dust free surface, 3 cleaned bank rivers, and a decrease of the CO2 quantity of about 525 tons/year.

What made this project strategic: With small amount of money, the project:

• Increased the already established partnership between park administration, local community, local authorities, central government and UNDP.

• Channeled local efforts and resources to preserve biodiversity, decreased air pollution, implement innovative ideas, and used already available funds to achieve the principles of sustainable development.

• Contributed to a better school attendance among the children in target area.

Socia benefits:

• Improved access to sustainable energy services for people from poor rural area; by lowering the bill for energy services for local schools, the funds will be made available for other development projects (such as access to improved health services, access to safe drinking water, etc).

• Increased attendance rate of children from rural areas. The drop out rate is high, especially in rural areas due to the poor condition offered by schools.

• Generated new work places and stimulating the development of SME’s (i.e. agro and eco tourism development).

Environmental benefits

• Reduced air pollution caused by wood burning and loss of forestry surface (the cutting exploitation rate of the forests wood is reduced)

• Cleaning important quantities of saw dust from already affected areas and therefore reduced soil and water pollution.

Capacity building benefits:

Improved management capacity of the newly established Maramures Mountains Natural Park Administration and improved capacity of local authorities from rural area to access external funds, develop local project etc.

Page last updated on 20/04/2011
Contact info

Implementation Agency / Main Partner

Maramures Mountains Natural Park Administration

UNDP Programme Supervision

Thore Hansen

Contact Person in UNDP [Programme Associate]

Monica Moldovan

Project Manager

Costel Bucur

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