United Nations Development Programme
Project data

Project ID: 77064

Status: ongoing

Duration: Jul 2011 - Jun 2016

Management Arrangements: DIM


Total: 3 000 000 USD


Energy and Environment

Geographic Focus


Sector and Subsector

Energy and climate change mitigation

Programme component (MYFF Service Line)

Capacity Development for Romania to contribute to the promotion and protection of global and regional public goods

Expected CP Outcome(s)

Energy efficiency in low-income communities

Improving Energy Efficiency in Low-Income Households and Communities in Romania

This project will work to dismantle the barriers to the implementation of energy efficiency measures among poorer households and communities in Romania, and alleviate fuel poverty. The project will address energy efficiency needs, develop appropriate policy measures, build capacity for implementation of energy efficiency measures in poorer regions, and stimulate the market for locally-produced, energy efficient building materials. By doing so it is expected to improve the lives of over 110,000 people and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by over 660,000 tonnes of CO2eq.

The project has the following expected outcomes:

  • Outcome 1: Romanian energy policy integrating fuel poverty issues and addressing energy efficiency needs in low-income communities
  • Outcome 2: Supply of trained architects, building engineers, builders and auditors with energy efficiency experience; better understanding by municipalities in low-income region of the energy efficiency issues and support to auditing and weatherization projects
  • Outcome 3: Retrofitted buildings (and potentially new buildings constructed) with reduced fuel consumption or using improved sustainable energy technologies in low-income communities
  • Outcome 4: Data and information available for decision-makers for designing programmes addressing fuel poverty

The UNDP-GEF project will be implemented through the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration, with support from the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, Association of Energy Auditors for Buildings (AAEC), and the following municipalities: Craiova, Calafat (Dolj), Vulcan, Petrosani, Petrila and Calan (Hunedoara).

Project Background

The building sector in Romania is dominated by old residential buildings with poor thermal performance. Pilot projects in Romania have shown that it is possible to reduce cost-effectively heating needs by at least 40-50%. Nevertheless, the rehabilitation of these poorly efficient buildings is taking place slowly, and new constructions are dominated by the use of energy inefficient materials resulting in sub-standard dwellings, non-compliant with the EU Buildings Performance Directive. Moreover, the efficiency of district heating networks in Romania is very low (ca. 43%), while covering over 1.6 million dwellings, mostly blocks of flats where customers often cannot adjust the heating level. These systems have been heavily subsidised on the supply-side, leading to artificially low heating prices. Starting with the 2011-2012 winter, however, the subsidies will be granted on the demand-side to low-income households only. If the new subsidy policies are not effective, large amounts of energy will still be wasted while expensive fossil fuel are imported, and many people will not afford to keep their homes at a reasonable temperature in the winter – resulting in fuel poverty.

Expected Output & Planned Activities

Output 1.1: Established national - level, functional multi - organisational working group that formulate and facilitate the approval and adoption of policy recommendations and action plans for EE which integrate poverty alleviation into the working group members’ programmes

First Inter-Organisational Workgroup Meeting - 15 December 2011: Minutes of Meeting IOW Dec 2011_RO

Second Inter-Organisational Workgroup Meeting - 26 June 2012: Minutes of Meeting IOW June 2012_RO

Recommendations for Reducing Fuel Poverty_RO

Third Inter-Organisational Workgroup Meeting - 5 December 2012 - National Roundtable on the implementation in Romania of Article 7 of the new EU Energy Efficiency Directive and setting up an obligation scheme: Final Report


Combating fuel poverty-The role of utility obligation schemes

Directive 2012 27 EU on Energy Efficiency_RO

Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes_RO

Fundamental Principles in Setting up the Obligation Scheme_RO

Project Presentation_RO

Regional Environmental Center_RO

Romanian Legislative Frame on Energy Efficiency_RO

The Relation Between The EU Emissions Trading Scheme Directive and EU Energy Efficiency Directive

Fourth Inter-Organisational Workgroup Meeting - 27 June 2013: Minutes of Meeting IOW June 2013_RO


Status of implementation of Energy Efficiency Directive (ANRE)_RO

Status of implementation of Energy Performance of Buildings Directive_RO

Project Presentation_RO

Methodology for evaluating and defining fuel poverty_RO

Possible financial mechanisms for reducing fuel poverty_RO

Romanian Legislation regarding Fuel Poverty_RO

Fifth Inter-Organisational Workgroup Meeting - 17 December 2013:


Action Plan for Addressing Fuel Poverty_RO

Public Policy - Reducing Fuel Poverty_RO

Financial Schemes for Energy Efficiency in order to Address Fuel Poverty_RO

- - -


                      Energy Efficiency   

Energy Efficiency Legislation Overview – DRAFT

Energy Efficiency Legislation Overview – RO

Action Plan for EU Funds_EN

Action Plan for EU Funds_RO

Financing scheme_AAU_final_EN

Financing scheme_AAU_final_RO

Financing Sources for EE and FP_EN

Financing Sources for EE and FP_RO

Guidelines for integrating EE Issues_RO

Local Council Resolution Project_Binomial Tariff_RO

Memorandum of Reasons_LC Resolution_Binomial Tariff_RO

Local Council Resolution Project_Payment_RO

Memorandum of Reasons_LC Resolution_Payment_RO

                       Fuel Poverty

Assesment Report on Fuel Poverty – DRAFT

Fuel Poverty Report - RO

Fuel Poverty Methodology_Draft_RO

Government support scheme_rehabilitation_EN

Government support scheme_rehabilitation_RO

Methodology for Evaluating Fuel Poverty_EN

Methodology for Evaluating Fuel Poverty_RO

                       Sustainable Materials

Sustainable Building Materials_EN

Sustainable Building Materials_RO

Life cycle analysis materials_EN

Life cycle analysis materials_RO

Handbook Sustainable Materials_EN

Handbook Sustainable Materials_RO

Certification Process for Sustainable Materials_EN

- - -

      Output 1.2: Identified fuel poverty-related EE improvement activities that are integrated into, and implemented within development plans of selected municipalities/counties, including leveraging funding sources for EE improvements

Output 2.1: Increased numbers of building professionals, local government authorities and technical personnel capable of providing technical advice and services on the application of EE measures and techniques in the design, construction and operation of buildings

Local Authorities Training Session Craiova - 18 May 2012: Minutes of Meeting Local Authorities Training Session Craiova May 2012_RO


Affordable Warmth - Fuel Poverty in Romania_RO


EE Project Presentation_RO

Energy Efficiency Solutions for Buildings_RO

Legislative Frame_RO

Renewable Energy Sources for Buildings_RO

Sustainable Buildings_RO

Output 2.2: Information points in selected public municipalities within two counties for promoting public education on EE measures using commonly used and locally-available technologies.

Thermal insulation of households in the low-lying areas of Romania RO

Thermal insulation of households in the plateau, pre-mountain and mountain areas of Romania RO

Thermal insulation of households by cladding RO

Output 2.3: Local building material producers and building construction companies highly qualified and capable of producing and applying, respectively, EE building materials

Output 2.4: Information campaign results and EE success stories disseminated within Romania, UNDP and in the international community

Output 3.1: Standard EE building design analysis for key types of existing apartment blocks and retrofitted thermal systems of selected apartment blocks

Output 3.2: Thermally retrofitted social buildings (schools, kindergartens, municipal offices and social houses/residences owned by the local government) in selected counties

Output 3.3 Houses built/refurbished using energy efficient, locally-produced materials

Output 4.1: Regionally-adaptable methodology for fuel poverty assessment proposed and a guide for municipal decision-makers on fuel poverty issues

Output 4.2: Local and regional registries/databases of building stock


Page last updated on 02/03/2015
Contact info

Project team

Mihai Moia - Project Coordinator

Raul Pop - Task Leader

Adrian Ciuraru - Monitoring and Implementation Specialist

Cristina Bucureasa - Communication Assistant

Andreea Ihos - Project Assistant

Project partners

Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration (MRDPA),
Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MECC),
Association of Energy Auditors for Buildings (AAEC),
Municipalities of Craiova, Calafat (Dolj County), Calan, Petrila, Petrosani, Vulcan (Hunedoara County)

Project address

UNDP Romania
Blvd Primaverii 48 A, Sector 1, Bucharest
Phone: (+4 021) 2017-804; Fax: (+4 021) 2017828

UNDP Programme Supervision

Monica Moldovan, Head of Programme Unit

Project Manager

Mihai Moia

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